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- Amazing Cognitive Development in Middle and Late Childhood, 2023 - January 19, 2023
Evolutionary psychology is a branch of psychology that studies the human mind and behavior from an evolutionary perspective, such as the origin of behavioral phenomena.
According to this view, the brain has evolved through the generation and it is no longer one homogenous and fixed organ but instead, heterogenous. This means that different types of the brain have been developed to solve a particular problem and to enable us to accomplish our goals in life.
Some areas such as language and perception and acquired through natural selection and a person’s environment and culture play a vital role in shaping these functions. For instance, people who speak English are more sociable than these who do not.
Likewise, someone born or raised speaking Hindu religion may be less likely to be vey assertive. These variations and adaptations show that genetic evolution of the brain results from interaction between genes and their effects on behavior.
Psychologist Charles B, Fodor stated that our behavior is motivated by the inner world of the brain. Therefore, we have a little control over what we do as part of our daily routine.
Thus, people cannot easily avoid thoughts and consequences, especially if they repeatedly happen throughout the day. The only thing we can control is how we handle each new situation.
Therefore, if you want to get good grades, you do so because, in the back of your mind, you know that doing well ultimately help you succeed in school and college. So, when you think about avoiding certain situations, you know what you should do to improve your chances of success.
Similarly, loneliness, and fear in facing challenges is very easy. When faced with these situations, we try hard not to believe that we have problems but rather accept them and become focused on overcoming them. In the same way, you also try hard to keep the happy memories of your loved ones so that you don’t get sad while watching.
As discussed earlier, human behavior results from the interaction between genes and environmental factors. As children progress through the years, many things, such as learning, body image, relationship with others, and self-awareness, are influenced.
However, because developmental psychologist does not know exactly what processes go on inside the head, he uses indirect methods of measuring the progress of the human cognitive. One such approach involves memory recall, which gives information about how long ago things took place in the past.
A psychologist called John Coggin used the method in his research. He found out that the more time you recall the events, the stronger the effects related to his event, and also the more accurate your memory of the information. Hence, he concluded that memory recall is reliable indicator of the cognitive development of humans.
Additionally, he found out the hippocampus, the region of the brain where memories are stored, which forms the basis of intelligence also develops. This is why the ability to remember a traumatic event makes someone “smart”.
On the other hand, the older the brain is, the more vulnerable the individual becomes. This is because we use old memories for many purposes. Children, young adults, and all experience trauma, so much as it’s a natural reaction to a traumatic event.
Another reason for this could be a lack of proper communication skills and the ability to deal with people. Research studies showed that young adults and adolescent brain are less capable of transferring knowledge. Thus, they do not have as strong a basis from childhood.
Furthermore, when you compare our brain structure with chimpanzees and gorillas, our brain seem to have more grey matter volume and a larger number of cells per area of the brain.
The higher level of gray matter is due to our intelligence and ability to organize ideas. Due to this knowledge, these subjects can perform experiments even better. So the difference between the animals and ours is due to their knowledge.
There is a big difference between chimpanzee’s ability to play the game and human’s capability to solve the complex task. It is assumed that the primates have a greater capacity for thinking and organizing their thoughts to perform complex activities such as strategy games like chess.
This might explain why people have a high IQ score.
Unfortunately, the researchers still don’t know exactly how complex brain activities is. To find out and understand the brain structure, we must find it using different imaging techniques, which we can obtain at CT or MRI.
So studying our brain doesn’t provide much insight into our brain and its function. Nevertheless, it shows us how our brain develop and change over the years.
Social Emotional Development
Social emotional development is another aspect of psychology that examine the impact of society and cultures on the behavior of individuals. Emotional development refers to developing emotional skills such as empathy, sympathy, compassion, tolerance, and awareness.
Moreover, these skills enable us to cope with our emotions and act appropriately to them. Social emotional functioning is important since it helps us adapt to our environment. It influences human beings and enables us to interact with others and build relationships.
Additionally, it affects people’s abilities of positive emotion, negative emotion, and ability to connect with others.
Emotions are essential part of the personality, yet, it is also clear to us how complex they are by interacting with other social settings. This complexity is reflected in our behaviors, attitudes and actions. We know how emotions raise and develop. They are formed from experiences, specific stimuli, our previous encounters, and also from each other people.
Additionally, different emotions can occur together, such as sadness and happiness. Most of the time, we see people having difficulties dealing with their feelings and how to react to them in the movies.
People feel depressed when tragedy comes and sadness appears when the loss of their loved ones or family members happens. Thus, many people with problems around death or grief tend to be depressed.
Moreover, there are times when a person feels angry, depressed, angry, or afraid, so it is vital to identify whether a person is feeling any depression, anger, fear, or sadness.
Sometimes, it is difficult to distinguish emotions, so the easiest way to classify people according to their moods is the five standard bipolar models, which include the following aspects:
- Hypomanic-Anxious and Irritated
- Bipolar ll,lll and lV.
People have to analyze whether they are experiencing depressive or manic symptoms before going to a therapist. Depression usually arise when people experience feelings such as sadness or hopelessness.
Hypomania is linked to suicide.
The two extremes of bipolar I are known as mania and catatonic. A hypomanic and bipolar II person would feel depressed just by looking at a tree or something.
People suffering from mental health disorders often need to be careful about any disturbance because they can trigger severe changes in behavior. Therefore, paying attention to their psychological state and the feelings they may have due to particular episodes is necessary.
If we have the potential to take care of ourselves, then we can take steps to make sure our self-esteem is increased. The most effective way to combat low self-esteem would be to look for professional help and talk to your doctor, therapist, or counselor to determine.
The last stage of adolescence is identity formation. Young adolescents face many internal and external threats to their physical appearance. Teenagers with poor self-esteem show a decrease in performance in class and can have difficulty building friendships in school.
Teenagers with high self-esteem tend to enjoy more social contact and are more confident and self-aware. Also, it is important to note that teens with high self-esteem may consider themselves independent and gain more confidence than those with low self-esteem. Teens with bad body images struggle to cope with their peer’s negative comments.
Adolescence is associated with the risk of substance abuse. To prevent substance abuse, teenagers should talk to friends and mentor for support.
Those already addicted to alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, or other substance should seek counseling to stop further substance abuse and recovery. Once teenagers have identified their real interests, they can start exploring their own lives by making choices.
In conclusion, I think we can draw several parallels between self-awareness and adulthood. It is crucial to self-awareness because adulthood is becoming more aware of our personal achievements.
We know at least two kinds of adult personality, though they are diverse, and it is possible to identify three subtypes:
Introvert prefer staying in the background.
Extrovert are active participants in conversation. They spend more time with people than shy people who prefer silence. While introvert may be perceived as reserved, extroverts can be seen as gregarious.
Lastly, one can say that an intelligent and creative person is more likely to become successful later in life.