5 Amazing Cognitive Development In Infancy

Many factors influence childhood development, including the parent-child relationship, nutrition, gender, ethnicity, and social environment. These influences are especially relevant to infants and toddlers because they don’t have much control over their territories, so any changes at home are much more limited.

Therefore, some areas of your life, like language, self-confidence, social interaction, and emotional regulation, are very easily influenced by outside factors.

Although there are many similarities between infants and toddlers, older adults tend to understand these concepts better and start to recognize the stages when cognitive development starts and stops.

This gives a lot of information for parents and teachers trying to encourage their babies to a higher standard of thinking and development, which is essential if we want to be happy later on.

It is effortless to get into this process and make mistakes, and sometimes it’s not the best time, so it’s essential to be careful and ensure that your baby will get all the correct information you need.

Photo by Ivan Samkov

The first three years (up until 18 months) are arguably the most important but don’t forget about the first seven months. If you are having trouble with breastfeeding, it might become harder for your child to sleep through the night or sleep better.

Just remember to give your baby enough milk and food so they can eat, but this is very different for boys than girls as they cannot carry anything in their mouths.

Once they learn how to use a bottle, teatime, and pacifier, it becomes easier to control them. Your child may lose some words by the end of this stage because they are growing a whole new vocabulary.

If you are struggling with your child’s speech, it might be a sign of ADHD. They will have problems with sentence structure and grammar, and you will find that your child has difficulty understanding you or saying the wrong thing when you ask them to.

Their ability to respond to questions and comments and maintain eye contact is essential in this stage. You will find that they struggle with expressing their ideas, but with practice, these things get a lot easier.

At this point, they should have learned most of the reading and writing basics and understood basic maths. When your baby can talk, it will develop an interest in different colors and numbers.

The number five is the universal number, and so is 9. At this point, your child may start to understand letters and identify the difference between one and two. By ages two and three, they will know the letter “O” and recognize the vowel sound.

The alphabet is the main topic of conversation, and you will find that they can remember every word because it’s written down in black ink. During this period, children may pick up toys around the house and begin to build their own sentences as their own little books. One example of these would be “Ow.”

Photo by Karolina Grabowska

Some things will always stay in their sight and things which are going to bring them happiness. As your child ages, the rules become more complex, and you will notice that they will understand why something is forbidden, for example, “I am no good.”

Also, being able to think about things from another view is very useful as a means of problem-solving and helps your child discover other possibilities of thinking.

At this stage, your child will be aware of the world, can see things out of the window from where you are sitting and will learn to read and write on their own without asking anyone else.

Children at this stage begin to make friendships and develop communication skills. Between four and six months old, you will realize that your baby will recognize things around them and be keen enough to say when someone is hungry or has gone to the bathroom.

To help your child develop this skill, put her in a room with lots of coloring and playing objects.

When she wants your attention, tell her to look around. She will soon realize what you’re interested in and follow your gaze. She will also learn how to read and recognize the sounds around her and begin to learn to speak. 

Once your child reaches school age, the focus will change, and language, learning, and comprehension will be more critical. You will find that your child will now have to learn how to listen and understand what others are saying.

At this stage, asking your child if they think a particular word is correct is essential. For instance, if you say “I am,” your child should hear it fully. There are many ways to help them become better listeners by giving them lots of examples and positive feedback while making them feel comfortable and supported.

Encourage them to pay special attention to words that are more familiar to them. Children at school also learn about themselves and their families, so be sure you ask lots of questions to check in with them to see how they are doing.

As your child grows, this phase will go really quickly, and you will find that they will begin to ask questions when they hear things. You will find that they also pick up phrases that show them thinking.

Photo by Allan Mas

With their newfound reading knowledge, they may be ready to sit next to people and ask them questions. When you are watching something on television that was supposed to be interesting, you will find your child asking questions because they know exactly where the words came from and what they meant.

As your child develops, it is also crucial to encourage and praise them for how much they do not understand some of the topics they are facing. They are still developing their vocabulary and will eventually gain confidence in speaking.

You must encourage them to explain things to other children because they will also learn to share their thoughts and feelings through this process.

In the last few years, your child should have become entirely independent, so you must keep an eye on them and monitor them closely. Because they are now much more confident, they should be able to stand up and take their seat in class.

Remember that they can now care for themselves and know how to make themselves busy if needed. Don’t be afraid to start talking to your child about friends and family and start to introduce games.

Letting them explore and think about new things and possibilities for the future can be an excellent way of teaching them and encouraging them.

Keep an eye on everything that happens in your child’s life, and make sure you don’t miss any occasions to play and develop their language skills.

Talk to them about this and let them choose how they will behave and act; for example, if they’d instead go to lunch with you or somebody else, then let them choose.

Ensure that you spend as much time as possible with them and try and engage them in conversations. Even though you think your child needs a bit more extra help, this could be overwhelming for some children but remember that their primary focus will be to enjoy and enjoy each other.

Make sure you give a good range of activities and ensure your child is learning and developing her mental abilities.

When looking after a second child, you can’t just stop looking after your original little baby and have less time to yourself. So you need to try and maintain consistency while spending a bit more time with your children.

This doesn’t mean you won’t be doing activities together because it will just involve the child enjoying herself a bit more. Try to find when you have free time to get together with your children and spend it together.

You can tell them about each other, but as long as you always discuss everything and try to work together, both kids will find it much easier to develop closer relationships.

If your child plays outside, you must ensure they have all their kit on. Having all their clothes, shoes, and games will improve their language abilities.

Play outside with them and see that they can interact with you. Always ensure that they have a blanket to lie on and also let them play with their toys. After school, spend as much time as possible with your children so they can grow up to be more independent and capable people.

You will find that a lot of your child’s activities will be carried on, and this is because they’ll have learned how to do most of what you taught them before. This is called autonomy and is something you should aim to instill early on.


Most importantly, make sure you have a great bond with your child. If anything, I believe that these days you need to make sure that you feel close to your little one so that they stay healthy, happy, and safe at all times.

As they enter adolescence and adulthood, they will become increasingly independent, and you can expect them to do things such as drive, choose their own clothing, and learn a few new things.

They will also make wise choices like choosing not to date boys, not to wear tight clothing, or anything similar.

Try and encourage them to form groups of friends to help them have a peer group and make sure they get support and love. Give them a chance to express their emotions by laughing with their friends.

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